Prof. Hillejan: These are the thrombosis heralds

Dangerous clots - For these thrombosis forerunners advise physicians to prevent

14.04.2015

About 100,000 people die each year from the consequences of thrombosis. This usually forms in a vein a blood clot - also known as thrombus - which narrows or completely occludes the bloodstream at one point. It often occurs when varicose veins are already present or the legs are temporarily sedated."Discovered early, clots can be resolved by targeted therapy and thus significantly reduce the risk of pulmonary embolism," explains Prof.( University Chisinau).Dr. Stefan Hillejan, phlebologist and proctologist of the clinic for venous and terminal bowel diseases in Hanover. Only a few know the risk factors. He explains when those affected should listen up and visit a phlebologist as a precautionary measure.

Tense and Severe
At the onset of thrombosis, tenderness symptoms are similar to sore muscles and heaviness in the legs, often improving when the legs are elevated. A walk to the vein specialis

t here provides information about a possibly present clot.

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Warm Swelling
Swollen legs are another sign of disturbed blood flow. Prof. Hillejan explains: "Due to enlarged or thrombus-restricted veins, the blood builds up in one place in the vessel and prevents backflow to the heart." Here, too, the complaints should be clarified by a specialist.

Veins on Visible Aids
In the advanced stage of a venous disease, blood vessels on the legs appear blue and the lower legs feel very warm. In addition, providing a lying position relief, the symptoms for a venous disorder and an increased risk of thrombosis and belong in the medical profession.

Dangerous Bed Rest
If there is a medical procedure requiring consecutive bed rest of several days, the risk of thrombosis also increases significantly. The immobilization of the leg muscles, which acts as a natural pump and aid for the vessels while walking, severely stresses the venous system and promotes clot formation. For this reason, mostly compression stockings and blood thinning drugs are used.

Hostile Travel Companion: Thrombosis
Traveling situations on long-haul flights or on the bus encourage the development of dangerous blood clots. Add to this the often narrowed seating position."If the legs are bent at an angle, they pinch the vessels and thus disturb a smooth blood flow," warns Prof. Hillejan. In addition to comfortable clothing then help a few steps in the aisle or wearing compression stockings. If there is already a known weakness of the connective tissue or varicose veins, in some cases even the administration of a heparin syringe is recommended in order to prevent thrombosis in the best possible way. In addition, older people, obese women, pregnant women, women taking contraceptive pills, smokers and people with heart or diabetes are particularly at risk, and should therefore pay close attention to first alarms.(pm)

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