researchers found in a study that pediatric corporal punishment in children does not lead to the development of better manners in the offspring. Such education does not lead to better behavior, but causes children to continue to develop bad behaviors, researchers from the University of Texas and the University of Michigan report. The physicians published the results of their current study on the subject in the journal "Journal of Family Psychology".
Negative educational outcomes
Researchers from the University of Texas and the University of Michigan have analyzed 75 trials involving more than 150,000 children in their new study. The studies covered the last 50 years. That's a lot of kids and the results are incredibly consistent, says lead author Dr. Elizabeth Gershoff. The study shows that there is a correlation between corporal punishment and negative educational outcomes and that there was absolutely no correlation between physical activity and positive outcomes, the physician adds. Blows on the buttocks do not lead to immediate better behavior and in the long term even worsen the children's behavior. In addition, affected children are often more aggressive and antisocial later in life, Dr. Gershoff.
85 percent of children still get beating these days
Ironically, parents often use bumps on their butts when their children are acting aggressively. Thus, the children think that it is possible to use whipping to get what you want, the researchers say. At the present time there are some parents who rate beating as an outdated education technique. Yet, in many households, corporal punishment is still a standard practice, says dr. Gershoff. Other research has shown that at the time when most children attend secondary education, at least 85 percent have been physically punished. So, most children are still being beaten up in their education, emphasizes. Gershoff. The type and amount of punishment may have changed, and nowadays parents rarely use objects such as belts, rods, or wooden spoons to chastise their children. But beatings are still an active part of most educations, adds the physician.
Beating in education leads to defiance, aggression, mental and cognitive problems
Some people beat up their children because they were beaten as children themselves. So to speak, the behavior was passed on from generation to generation, explain the scientists. Others do it because their religion teaches them that such education is alright. Certainly the views on beating in education are diverging. Thus, the investigation focused on what most Americans would call a beating and not on potentially abusive behaviors. Gershoff. She defined spanking as an open-handed stroke on the buttocks or other extremities. These could be linked to 13 out of 17 negative effects. The effects included, for example, defiant responses to the parents, aggression, mental health problems, and cognitive difficulties, Dr. Gershoff.
Children should learn to interact with other people in a positive and productive way
The sound approach to good parenting is not a single technique. It's a variety of behaviors that parents should consider, the medics advise. In general, there should be a good relationship between children and parents, and parents should reward the child if they are doing the right thing, explains Drs. Gershoff. Some parents would fear that they are too soft and their children will consider them weaklings if they do not use spanking in education. Parents can also educate non-violently and still have high expectations, the researcher continues. Parents do not have to beat their kids to show them who is in charge, the author adds. The goal should be to teach children the difference between right and wrong, explain the experts.
"We should teach them that they should always deal with other people in a positive and productive way. This should become a golden rule that accompanies our children through their entire lives. Parents should be role models, "the authors emphasize. So behave the way you want your children to behave later. Society is getting more and more agitated and more violent, so we should try to minimize this negative impact of our culture on our children, the researchers add.(as)
. Parenting is not always easy and there are many different ways in which children should be educated. Scientists now find that a pat on the butt does not make their child develop better manners. Rather the opposite is the case.