Ideal composition of nutrients
Midwifery and pediatricians always recommend freshly bled mothers to breastfeed their newborns. Not without reason, because mother's milk is an ideal food for an infant among experts, since it contains all the basic nutrients, e.g. Proteins, calcium, iron and fatty acids. But the task of milk is not only in the child's pure diet. Rather, it is a true all-round talent by, for example, reducing infant mortality and protecting against infectious diseases, write Thierry Hennet and Lubor Borsig of the University of Zurich in their survey article.
Milk Shot on the fourth day after birth
The breast begins already in the second half of pregnancy with the formation of milk This is called as "Vormilch" or "Kolostrum" and serves to it alsoto be able to supply prematurely born children theoretically directly after birth. This milk is more fluid than the actual mother's milk, but contains a higher concentration of protein, vitamin A and carbohydrates. This allows the child to be nourished and strengthened after birth - even if the mother produces only a few drops. From around the third or fourth day after birth, the so-called "milk intake" takes place. This can be a bit painful, especially when the milk formation starts very abruptly. From now on, each breast will form an average of 450 grams of milk a day during the first few weeks. Depending on how intensively breast-fed, it can still be 200 grams daily after 15 months, according to the researchers in their article.
Darmbacteria have an influence on obesity risk
Shortly after birth the milk is responsible not only for the nutrition of the child, but also supports the development of a healthy intestinal flora. Because the numerous sugar molecules colonize the hitherto sterile bowel of the child apparently with bacteria."Babies have no machinery to digest these sugars, so they are actually for the bacteria - it is like a seedbed, and the mother's milk is the fertilizer," Hennet told the news agency "APA".In the course of time, the composition of the sugar molecules and thus the entirety of the bacteria in the intestine( microbiom) change, which affect not only the intestinal health itself, but the entire metabolism of the child. Experts assume, for example, that Darmbacteria may be closely related to overweight( obesity).
Also recent studies show that breastfeeding is positive for the development of the child's immune system. After the birth, according to Hennet and Borsig, particularly many bioactive proteins such as antibodies, cytokines, defensins or lactoferrin would be present in the mother's milk. These act as a kind of protective umbrella, because they keep the baby so long before pathogens, until after about a month even the defense take over. From then on, the number of maternal antibodies in the milk decreases significantly, as does the multiplicity of the sugar molecules. The fat percentage, on the other hand, is growing, which means that the child's growth is encouraged, the scientists continued.
Critics see no advantage from the mother's milk
The topic of "breastfeeding" always causes controversial discussions. Critics, despite the many positive effects, see no added value through the mother's milk and emphasize that even without these children would develop completely normally. In addition, it is repeatedly stated that contaminants such as heavy metals or pesticides enter the milk and may be a danger to the health of the infants. Recently, e.g.various media reports on the discovery of glyphosate in breast milk caused considerable uncertainty. However, the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment( BfR) had made an all-clear statement in this regard, as no glyphosate could be detected.
"We should be careful not to make any recommendations," Hennet said."On the one hand, mother milk is the product of millions of years of evolution and certainly has the optimal nutrients for a newborn;but the question is: how long does a newborn need this care really? We believe that families should make this decision - not scientists, "Hennet says.(nr)
Breastfeeding is considered to be the best diet for a baby because in the mother's milk, all the nutrients the child needs in the first months of life are in optimal composition. Alone 200 different sugar molecules make the human mother's milk the most complex of all mammals. This is the reason why research is always facing a great challenge when it comes to the question of the different effects milk has on mother and child. What is clear, however, is that the yellowish-white secretion of the mammary glands has far more functions than feeding the child. This is what Swiss researchers are currently reporting in the journal "Trends in Biochemical Sciences".