Fatally strongly underestimated: overweight as harmful as smoking

Increased body weight also increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, with overweight people at about twice as high as men with a normal BMI, according to a recent study published in the journal "Lancet Public Health ".The health risks of being overweight are therefore even greater than previously assumed.

The health risk due to overweight is apparently still greater than already assumed.(Image: tortoon / fotolia.com)

Drastically Increased Cardiovascular Risk
In the current study, scientists from the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health at University College London have reported data over 120,813 men and women over a period of more than ten yearsevaluated, reports the DANK.They found that even adiposity grade one greatly increased the risk of type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, and stroke."In overweight people, it was twice as high, five times higher in patients with a grade 1 obesity, and even 15 times in the event of serious second and third degree obesity," said the DANK's statement.

Different degrees of overweight
As overweight, people with a BMI between 25 and under 30 kg / m2 and above a value over 30 are talking about medics of obesity( obesity).The latter is divided into several degrees of severity: a BMI between 30 and 35 is a grade 1 obesity, a BMI between 35 and 40 is a severe obesity of the second degree, and a BMI over 40 is a particularly severe third-degree obesity, the experts explain. The current study shows once again "how important the fight against overweight is worldwide and underlines the need for effective population-wide prevention," says Dr. Dietrich Garlichs, Spokesman of the German Alliance Non-Transferable Diseases.

More than 700 million people adipose

More than 700 million people adipose
Also can be deduced from the new study results the medical need to derive patientswith overweight and vascular diseases, and to focus attention on the prevention of vascular disease in overweight persons with diabetes, Professor Dr.med. Manfred James Müller, Chief Executive Officer of the Competence Network for Obesity and the German Adiposity Society. According to experts, since 1980, the rate of obesity has doubled in more than 70 countries worldwide. In 2015, a total of 107.7 million children and 603.7 million adults worldwide were obese, the DANK reported on another study published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Four million deaths annually due to overweight
Global, according to the experts, "about four million deaths are attributable to the cause of overweight", with about 70 percent of deaths associated with a high BMI being attributed to cardiovascular disease."This dramatic development demonstrates the urgency to positively influence lifestyle styles with the help of a population-wide, preventive health promotion and regulation and to stop the growth of these diseases," emphasizes Prof. Müller. Health care alone is not up to the challenge of obesity.

Comprehensive measures required
As a measure to reduce obesity, the Deutsche Allianz recommends four essential measures, following the recommendations of the United Nations and the World Health Organization( WHHO): Non-communicable diseases:

  • Control for healthy foods with low energy density and low content of sugar, fats or salt;
  • Increase in the control of energy-rich foods with high sugars, fats or salt content above the recommendations;
  • Prohibition on the advertising of unhealthy foods and drinks to children( at least to the extent that they do not meet WHO's nutritional profiles);
  • Mandatory labeling of all foodstuffs by means of a( traffic light) system which is easy to understand for all population groups and clearly indicates the content of sugar, fat, salt and energy.

In particular, the last item on the list was only recently discussed again in the context of a Forsa study commissioned by the AOK Baden-Württemberg, as it turned out that many parents clearly underestimate the sugar content of food for children. A clear labeling would certainly be a great help.(fp)

Overweight and obesity more dangerous than previously assumed
Most people today are aware of the fact that obesity and obesity are a health risk, but the risk is clearly underestimated. A high body mass index( BMI) is even more dangerous than hitherto assumed, experts of the German Alliance warned non-transferable diseases( DANK).

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