Omitting breakfast increases the risk of heart disease
There are many myths about nutrition. One of them is that breakfast is the most important meal of the day. Whether this is really the case, can not be answered flat rate, but apparently the food in the morning has an effect on our heart. Spanish scientists found that people who eat very little or no food in the morning have a significantly higher risk of cardiovascular disease. The study has now been published in the journal Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Breakfast: Important or not?
Extensive breakfast yes or no? In this question, experts are anything but unanimous. Some are convinced that eating in the morning is necessary to give the body the energy it needs to get off to a good start to the day. A breakfast increases the concentration and efficiency, so the opinion of the proponents. Others claim that the positive effect of eating in the morning is greatly overestimated. So breakfast is not the most important meal of the day.
deposits inhibit blood flow
A recent study by Madrid's Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares Carlos III( CNIC) has shown that breakfast appears to play an important role in heart health. As the CNIC announces, the Spanish researchers recognized Dr. Irina Uzhova states that the risk of atherosclerosis( often referred to as arteriosclerosis) is doubled if breakfast is left out or eaten very poorly in the morning.
In atherosclerosis, fat and calcareous compounds( atherosclerotic plaques) are deposited in the walls of medium-sized and large arteries, obstructing and blocking blood flow. Therefore, the disease is also called arteriosclerosis. It represents the most common underlying disease of the arterial vascular system and the main cause of coronary heart disease( CHD), which is the number one cause of death in this country.
Only one-fifth regularly take a healthy breakfast
According to a CNIC communication, researchers compared the lifestyles and dietary habits of 4,000 middle-aged office workers and their tendency to atherosclerotic plaques. Of the study participants, only 20% regularly consumed a high-energy breakfast with more than 20% of the recommended calorie intake.
Most( 70%) consumed a low-energy breakfast( between 5% and 20% of daily calorie intake).3% ate nothing or very little in the morning( <5% of daily calorie intake).The CNIC research team also found that the latter group tended to have unhealthy eating habits and a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, the report said.
Increased levels of atherosclerosis independent of classic risk factors
People who consumed less than 5% of the recommended daily calorie intake( ie, 100 calories with a 2000 total daily caloric intake) had on average twice as many arteriosclerotic lesions as thosewho had eaten a high-energy breakfast. This increased risk was independent of classic risk factors such as smoking, high cholesterol and physical inactivity.
Further investigation required
"The analysis suggests that omission of breakfast may be a real risk marker in the early stages of atherosclerotic disease, requiring further investigation of the underlying mechanism of action," said study author and expert in nutrigenomics, Drs. José María Ordovás.
This is also emphasized by the Scientific Coordinator of the study, Dr. med. Antonio Fernández-Ortiz: "We need earlier and more accurate risk markers for the early stages of atherosclerosis, which enable us to improve strategies to prevent heart attack, stroke and sudden cardiac death. The new results contribute significantly to achieving this goal. "(Nr)