For a long time it is known that diet can affect our health massively. Researchers have now shown that people with heart disease have a lower risk of developing heart attacks and stroke if they are predominantly mediterranean.
Scientists from the Auckland City hospital have now determined that the Mediterranean diet can protect against heart attacks and stroke if those affected are already suffering from a heart disease. The doctors published the results of their study in the journal "European Heart Journal".
Large international study examines more than 15,000 subjects
In the large international study, more than 15,000 people from 39 countries were examined to assess the potential benefits of using mediterranean food with a high proportion of fruits, vegetables and vegetablesFish, the researchers say. The medics realized that the Mediterranean diet, people with heart disease can protect against the development of heart attacks and stroke. For each hundred people who eat a high proportion of healthy Mediterranean food, there were three heart attacks, strokes or deaths less, the experts explain. A so-called Western diet with fried foods, refined carbohydrates and sugary beverages, but do not increase the risk for such diseases, the doctors say. Therefore, it is clear that people with heart diseases should not necessarily avoid unhealthy foods but simply have to consume much larger amounts of healthy foods, the authors add. The most important finding is that some foodstuffs such as fruits and vegetables seem to reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes, explains Professor Ralph Stewart of the Auckland City hospital in New Zealand. This positive effect is not influenced by traditional risks, such as poor cholesterol levels or problems with blood pressure. If you eat more healthy foods, you could easily reduce your risk of heart disease, adds the professor. There have already been some public health guidelines that have indicated that a Mediterranean diet can prevent heart and circulatory diseases. However, the scientists wanted to investigate the specific effects on people with existing hereditary diseases, explains Prof. Stewart.
study measures impact on a so-called MDS point scale
The 15,482 people in the study had an average age of 67 years. The subjects were asked to complete questionnaires about their diet. Afterwards, the data were classified into a point scale, the medical experts explain. This had a total range from 0 to 24 points. The researchers calculated both a median nutritional value( MDS) and a score for the Western( unhealthy) diet consumed. After other factors that could affect the outcome were excluded, the scientists found that any increase in MDS was associated with a seven percent reduction in the risk of heart attacks and strokes, the experts say. The results were consistent in all geographic regions that were involved in the study. The study has only examined people who have already suffered from a heart disease. But most people are more interested in how they can generally avoid hereditary diseases before they occur, the researchers add.(as)