"Global problem calling for global solutions"
Only a few months ago, an EU Commission warned of massive increases in antibiotic resistance. At that time, EU Health Commissioner Vytenis Andriukaitis said, around 25,000 people in the EU die each year from bacterial infections caused by resistant bacteria. According to the expert, the danger is not limited to Europe, "but a global problem that demands global solutions".Now, British researchers have called for worldwide fight against resistant germs.
death toll could increase tenfold
Already today, an estimated 700,000 people die every year from infectious pathogens that are not medicated. Without appropriate countermeasures, the number could increase more than tenfold by 2050.This is the conclusion of a report commissioned by the British Government. A study by the Berlin Charité carried out on behalf of the Green Bundestag faction even came to fears last year that there could be around ten million deaths by multi-resistant germs by 2050.
Special attention to multidrug-resistant bacteria
As reported by the news agency dpa, the latest report from the UK also looks at pathogens such as HIV and malaria-causing parasites, some of which are insensitive to the available drugs. However, special attention is paid to multidrug-resistant bacteria that no longer respond to antibiotics. If antibiotics lose their effectiveness through resistance, important medical procedures such as caesarean sections, transplants or other surgical procedures could become too dangerous, the researchers write. In addition, they estimate that infection by resistant germs could cost up to € 90 trillion by 2050 worldwide, unless it is traded earlier.
- More deaths from disease-resistant germs in clinics
- Roughly 10 million deaths from multidrug-resistant bacteria
- Massive use of antibiotics: Millions killed by multi-drug resistant bacteria
Restricting use of antibiotics worldwide
Demands in a ten-point programAmong other things, the research team led by British economist Jim O'Neill restricted the use of antibiotics in agriculture worldwide and increased the monitoring of all resistance. In addition, a global fund for the development of new antibiotics and a global Confederation in the fight against drug resistance is needed. This could be created by G20 nations and the United Nations. Last but not least, the diagnosis of diseases should be improved and the development of vaccines promoted. It may also help to focus more on traditional treatments. For example, Canadian researchers from the University of British Columbia( UBC) recently reported in the journal "mBio" of the American Society for Microbiology that natural healing clay from Canada works against multidrug-resistant bacteria. The natural clay from the Kisameet Bay shows therefore a "strong antibacterial activity against multidrug-resistant pathogens," the researchers said.
Huge amounts of drugs in humans and animals wasted
As stated in the latest report from the British, huge amounts of antibiotics and other antimicrobial drugs are being wasted on people and animals around the world that do not need them."We need to communicate in various ways around the world why it's critical that we stop treating our antibiotics like sweets," O'Neill told the BBC."If we do not solve the problem, we are heading for the Middle Ages." In Germany, since the beginning of the month antibiotic-resistant pathogens must be reported immediately, as soon as they are detected. Previously, the germs were displayed only at the outbreak. Doctors Without Borders has described the report as a "first step in the right direction", but it is not enough. Medicines should become affordable for more people."The current innovation system does not contribute to the development and delivery of the vaccines, diagnostics and medicines we need," said Marco Alves, the organization's drug expert."And if there are, they are often priceless or unsuitable for use in developing countries."( Ad)
The rise in antibiotic resistance poses a growing challenge for physicians. If such drugs no longer work, even small inflammations can be a big risk. If the problem is not brought under control soon, according to researchers threatens a horror scenario.