TBE and Borreliosis: Diseases are already threatened by tick bites, not just in the summer.
In the wood and bushes
Ticks, which also affect humans, are in Germany the pigeon corner, the Auwaldzecke, the hedge hedge hedge, the Schafzecke - but above all the common woodbuck. Not only does it often suckle in humans, it also sucks dangerous diseases.
The common woodbuck likes to spend the cold season between wood or the undergrowth. Anyone who "spoils" the garden in the spring, burns the compost, or burns the rice heap, is exposed to an increased risk that these ticks will sting him.
In nature, the woodbuck loves near-ground plants near the forest and close to the foresttreeless grassland. But we weigh ourselves in false security if we suspect it only in the forest. It is, as far as the spider is concerned, as a cultural successor as the blackbird and lurks in the small way as well as in the wilderness.
Early summer meningoencephalitis
Wood bites are particularly risky because it transcends early summer meningoencephalitis( TBE).
FSME is often unproblematic and is similar to a flu, but can also damage the spinal cord, lead to paralysis and even death. However, FSME infections are very rare due to the woodbuck.
There is vaccination against FSME.It is recommended for risk groups: foresters, forest workers, farmers and, in general, people living in a risk area. A three-time vaccination is carried out over a year and protects 99%.
Warm-humid regions in Bavaria, Baden-Würtemberg and Austria offer the Holzbock a better terrain than North Germany;therefore the risk is higher.
The severe form of FSME is not curable, and every second to ten sufferers never recover fully.
TBE penetrates quickly into the organism and is often transmitted by short contact with the blood purifier. In borrelia, bacteria that cause borreliosis, it looks different: they are in the intestine of the wooden block and only enter the human body when the tick has sucked for hours.
In the case of borreliosis, it is usually sufficient to strip a tick early - in contrast to FSME.
If the first signs occur, the doctor should use more antibiotics. In later stages, the disease can hardly be reduced, and often leads to severe joint damage and nervous disturbances a few years later.
Myths and Facts
Many people think that only the common woodbuck infects us with borreliosis. But not only ticks carry dangerous borreliosis: bacterial pathogens also in mosquitoes.
ticks do not sit on trees and fall like parachute jumpers, but the blood suckers lurk near the ground: between grasses, foliage or ferns, bushes and perennials. They rarely crawl higher than a meter. This is also logical, because the warm-blooded animals, on which they are caught, rarely have a shoulder height that exceeds one meter.
The common woodbuck has no eyes, but finds its victim with the Haller¶chen organ and tactile hair on its legs - it recognizes exhaled carbon dioxide, smell and body heat. Wooden blocks claw in their feet, socks or pants.
Anyone wearing solid shoes and long pants will not attack ticks. This is a partial truth. Clothing that covers the skin actually protects well because the wooden blocks can not pierce them.
The plague ghosts crawl around so long, until they find a free and at the same time bloodthirsty place. If you are sweating in a jogging suit, you should pay attention as to whether the ticks have found their way into the dekolette.
Wooden blocks search for places that are warm and humid: bends, armpits, knee-throats or the genital area.
In any case, we should take a deep shower after a warm day - whether we were riding a bicycle, lying around the lake or walking in the forest. Most of the ticks are so flushed before they can bite. We protect the bathing pond by rubbing our body while swimming.
TBE concerns only the South Germans? This is another half-truth. In fact, most cases of this brain infection are known by tick bites from Bavaria and Baden-Würtemberg. But also in northern and eastern Germany, FSME finds isolated victims.
The Robert Koch Institute provides information on the risk areas.
Borreliosis occurs more frequently in the south and east, but also ramps in northern Germany.
It is best to remove ticks clockwise if they have previously been sprinkled with oil.
oil is unsuitable, however, because the tick suffers from it. However, we should always remove them live. For example, when the wood-bob dies while the suction device is in the skin, it often pours out its intestinal contents-and thus the bacteria that cause borreliosis.
Instead, we take a tick, a tick or a pair of tweezers, a thumb and a finger, if necessary, hold the animal directly at the puncture, pull carefully, without crushing the woodbuck. Then we wait a moment. Usually the tick is broken when we hold it.
The suction stick of the tick is covered with barb. If she does not let it go, we turn gently back and forth to loosen the barbed hooks. Then we count: A tick has eight legs like a spider. Ideally, none of them remain in the skin - which could otherwise infect.
1) Take a repellent with you. Although these defenses have proved to be deficient in tests, they are better than no protection at all. Apply the repellent on clothing and skin.
2) Wear long trousers, put the legs in the socks and the shirt in the pants.
3) Take a "tick remover", a sling, forceps or tweezers, a disinfectant and a patch for the sting.
4) Treat your dogs and cats during the hot months with an anti-tick agent. Firstly, they prevent their animals from getting sick, secondly, they can not fully suck and lay eggs.
A new test for the early detection of Lyme borreliosis is used to combat this dangerous disease in the first stage.
You can also check whether the tick bite has transmitted a borreliosis. When the bacteria penetrate the skin, it comes in 4 out of 5 cases to the so-called "Wanderröte".The skin in the spot is reddened, so a reddish-inflamed hem, in the form of a "target disc" or an "eye," is formed with the stitch as "pupil".
Patients often suffer from fever as a result of a flu, ie, headaches and limbs. If you discover such symptoms, go to the doctor immediately.
There is no reason to panic, but a healthy caution is appropriate to avoid tick bites.(Dr. Utz Anhalt)