One of the most common fatal diseases
Cardiac insufficiency( heart failure) affects more than 20 million people worldwide and is also one of the most common fatal diseases in Germany. As a result of this disease, the heart is no longer able to provide the body with sufficient blood and oxygen. Previously, it was thought that exercise would result in damaged heart ventricular expansion in heart failure. German and Norwegian scientists disprove this previous assumption and give recommendations on what training should look like in people with heart failure.
Patients Have Long Expected Physical Exertion
Over the past several years, new approaches to treat heart failure have been reported.
For example, scientists of the Hannover Medical School( MHH) found that some patients could help more iron, because it makes the heart more resilient.
Physical exertion was previously discouraged from physical exertion. But scientists from the Technical University of Munich( TUM) and the Technical-Scientific University in Trondheim, Norway( NTNU) now report that assisted training helps with cardiac insufficiency.
Drug therapy has been in the foreground so far
"For heart failure so far the focus was on drug therapy. This was complemented by a pacemaker that optimizes the contraction of the heart muscle and a defibrillator - both intended to prevent a sudden cardiac death by cardiac arrhythmia, "said Professor Martin Halle of the Department of Preventive and Rehabilitative Sports Medicine of the Technical University of Munich in a statement.
According to the experts, sufferers have been strictly prohibited from exercise for a long time, as it has been feared that it will further degrade the heart's pumping function.
However, in recent years, scientific research has shown that supplemental physical training is more resilient and reduces hospital stays due to worsening symptoms.
Disease Prognosis Significantly Improved
For a study published in the journal "Circulation" of the American Heart Association, physicians in nine European centers investigated which type of exercise has the same effect as a damaged heart.
"With this study, we are demonstrating how moderate sports therapy significantly improves the prognosis of patients," says Halle.
In the period from 2009 to 2014, a total of 261 patients with heart failure were divided into three groups and undergo various training sessions for 52 weeks.
First of all, three months of all three groups were followed by a training course supervised by medical experts and a recommendation to continue the intervention for a further nine months.
pumping function It was found that patients who participated in supervised moderate exercise for 12 weeks achieved better effects compared to those who exercised alone.
"We were able to observe a narrowing of the left ventricle and thus an improvement of the pumping function," explained Halle."And their overall physical condition improved."
The study found no significant differences between high-intensity interval training and regular standard training at moderate intensity.
"Overall, this new study highlights how much moderate moderate-intensity physical training is recommended for all patients with systolic heart failure," concluded Halle, "but personally, I'd advise against higher intensities until we know more about it and can look back on long-term health.
3,000 steps in 30 minutes
The doctor has in the message a specific tip: "Moderate training means around a hundred steps per minute or 3,000 steps in 30 minutes."
The experts also list the benefits of sports therapy for heart patients on:The heart is relieved and strengthened by an improved cardiac muscle function. New blood vessels are formed and existing ones expanded. Blood pressure increases and blood lipid levels are lowered.
The oxygen uptake from the blood improves. The risk of heart and vascular emergencies such as heart attack and stroke is falling. The resilience and performance is increased.(ad)
Cardiac insufficiency( heart failure) is one of the most common fatal diseases. Those affected have been advised most of the time to avoid any physical exertion. But researchers now report that moderate training can bring health benefits to patients.