Diabetes is one of the most common complications in pregnancy, which poses an increased health risk for the expectant mother and the unborn child. Contrary to the widespread belief that women need to inject insulin in gestational diabetes, this is often not necessary. It is usually enough to eat healthier and to move a lot.
Adapting to Everyday Life in Gestational Diabetes
When a pregnant woman is diagnosed with gestational diabetes, the feeling of insecurity is great at first: Does the insulin syringe now have to be like another diabetes? According to experts, it usually suffices to adapt your own everyday life a bit. For example, sweets and sugary drinks should be taboo and the diet generally healthier. In addition, sufferers should move sufficiently and check their blood glucose levels regularly. In a joint press release from various associations and societies, experts explain what else needs to be considered.
Child and Mother Health Risks
In gestational diabetes, the mother's blood sugar is elevated either constantly or for an unusually long time after meals. The high amount of sugar goes directly to the baby, which is over-fed by it.
It often grows too fast, and its metabolism adjusts to the constant oversupply of carbohydrates even before birth, explained Prof. Dr. med.med. Birgit Seelbach Göbel, President of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics( DGGG).
This can, inter alia, the development of the heart and lungs of theChild be affected.
Pregnancy diabetes is also a risk for the mother, as it often develops high to very high blood pressure with edema, kidney problems and a tendency to seizures.
sugar test in prenatal care
To prevent this, since 2012, a sugar test for regular prenatal care."In the test, the pregnant woman drinks a standardized amount of glucose solution," said Christian Albring, President of the Professional Association of Gynecologists( BVF) in a message from the news agency dpa.
According to the information, it will then be checked after one hour whether the blood sugar rises too high or remains elevated too long. According to the agency report, such a test was previously only performed in women who had significant symptoms of gestational diabetes, such as severe thirst, frequent toilet visits or an unusually large baby.
Balanced diet and plenty of exercise
In order to keep things from happening, women can do a great deal themselves, Albring stated in the press release. First and foremost is a balanced and high-fiber diet and the absence of sweets and sodas to keep blood sugar levels low.
also includes ample daily exercise and regular blood glucose control."If a woman resolutely and resolutely implements these measures, she can usually avert the dangers to her baby and to herself", says Birgit Seelbach Göbel, President of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics( DGGG).
"Only if these measures do not take effect, an insulin therapy is to be considered, which should not be too long to wait, because it is true, the constant excess supply of sugar from the baby as well as possible to keep away and the development ofConsequential damage to the mother to prevent, "said Nikolaus Scheer, Chairman of the Federal Association of established Diabetologen eV( BVND).(ad)