More and more people in Germany have to undergo treatment in the hospital because of skin cancer. According to health experts, many tumors can be avoided - and often recognize earlier.
More and more skin cancer diseases
The number of skin cancer cases has risen sharply in recent years. According to the German Cancer Society, up to 200,000 people are newly diagnosed with skin cancer annually. German cancer support is based on a higher number of 234,000 new cases, with over 20,000 diagnoses affecting the dangerous "black" skin cancer. But even white skin cancer can be dangerous if left untreated. The fact that more people are suffering from this type of cancer also shows the number of patients who need to be treated in a hospital.
Men had to be treated more frequently in the clinic than women
As reported by the Federal Statistical Office( Destatis), the number of skin cancer treatments in hospitals between 2010 and 2015 is around 17, 1%.
According to experts, a total of 100,400 patients were hospitalized in 2015.In men( 57%), hospital treatment was more frequently required than in women( 43%).
Just under a quarter( 23.1%) had to be due to a malign melanoma, the so-called "black" skin cancer, to inpatient treatment.
A good three-quarters( 76.9%) were treated for the so-called "bright" skin cancer( basal cell carcinoma and spinal cell carcinoma).
Skin cancer in the sexes at different sites
"Black" skin cancer occurred in men mainly on the body( 4,600 cases), in women especially on the lower extremities and the hip( 3,700 cases).
In "women's" as well as men, "light" skin cancer is particularly affected by areas of the body exposed to sunlight, such as specific parts of the face, scalp, neck and ears.
Operative interventions in skin cancer patients mainly involved the extensive removal of the diseased skin and tissue( 74,200 measures), transplants in the form of a skin flap replacement on the skin and the skin( 56,300 measures) and temporary soft tissue coverage( 29,100 measures).
On average, the hospitalization of skin cancer patients took 4.7 days.
Children, adolescents and young adults are rarely treated in the hospital for skin cancer. A good three-quarters of the patients were 65 years of age and older.
Diseases often avoidable
"This type of cancer is very easy to avoid: by proper UV protection and the avoidance of solariums," writes Deutsche Krebshilfe on its website.
As the main cause of the development of skin cancer are mainly too much UV light and hereditary predispositions.
People should protect themselves from the sun from small to reduce the risk of developing a disease.
When sun protection is the skin type. The brighter the skin, the more protection is required. In addition, one should orientate itself on the UV index, which can be accessed online daily. Sunglasses should always be avoided.
From the age of 35 to the precautionary study
There are different types of skin cancer that have to be treated differently, but one for all types of cancer:
"The sooner they are recognized, the greater the healing chances and the more gentle the treatment can be", writes the German Cancer Society.
The cost of a skin cancer screening from the age of 35 every two years is taken over as legal regulation by the health insurance companies. Some funds also support the provision for younger insured persons.(ad)