Many experts around the world are worried that antibiotics will soon no longer be able to cure gonorrhea infections. Researchers have now found that we probably have much less time than expected until the gonorrhea pathogens are completely resistant to antibiotics.
The researchers of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention( CDC) and the Hawaii Department of Health found in an investigation that there are cases of gonorrhea that have very high resistance to antibiotics. This could soon lead to complete resistance to antibiotics. The doctors published a press release with the results of their investigation.
pathogens are developing more and more resistances against antibiotics
Gonorrhea might soon no longer be cured by the use of antibiotics. The so-called Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria develop a strong resistance to the drug azithromycin, as well as a reduced sensitivity to ceftriaxone, warn the experts.
Resistant germs are on the rise
The two drugs are currently used in combination. As a result, experts hope to stop or at least slow down the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Since 2005, there have been four documented individual cases, in which Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria had a reduced susceptibility to both drugs. But now the first time a group of such cases occurred in the USA.In addition, a multiresistant supercute was already demonstrated in the USA in July.
Each year, approximately 800,000 Americans could become infected
"Our last line of defense against gonorrhea is getting weaker," explains Dr. Jonathan Mermin of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. If the resistances continue to increase and spread, the current treatment method will eventually fail and will no longer have any effect.800,000 Americans could then infect themselves with an incurable gonorrhea each year, adds the physician.
The current cases of gonorrhea in the US could be cured
The current gonorrhea cases in Hawaii( six men and one woman) could all be cured but it just seems to be a matter of time until the first therapy failure occurs, the experts explain. Some time ago, doctors from the UK reported that a man was infected with a gonorrhoea that could not be cured by a first treatment with antibiotics. However, a three-month later treatment succeeded in overcoming the infection, the authors added.
Physician looking for new effective forms of antibiotics
When the combination of the two drugs no longer works, there is no other effective treatment option, the researchers say. Although several experimental antibiotics are under development, it will probably take several years before these drugs are released. Medics have long been searching for new effective forms of antibiotics. Thus only a previously unknown, body-specific antibiotic is identified. This new antibiotic substance was discovered in the nose.(as)