More and more people in this country are affected by diabetes. This is shown by a new analysis for the supply atlas of the Zentralinstitut für die Kassenärztliche Versorgung( ZI).According to this, almost 10 percent of citizens now have the so-called diabetes mellitus - previous estimates had been made by about seven to nine percent of diabetics. Men and people in the new federal states are particularly affected.
values exceed previous estimates
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease in which the hormone used to regulate blood sugar( insulin) is no longer produced or can no longer be properly processed by the body. Also known as "diabetes" disease affects more and more people - both in Germany and worldwide. As a recent analysis of the central institute for the Kassenärztliche supply( ZI) shows, now suffers in this country almost every tenth of the disease. So far, it was assumed that the proportion of diabetics is about 7 to 9 percent, according to the ZI.
share almost one percent higher than six years ago
In the new study for the supply atlas of the ZI, the frequency of new cases for the years 2009 to 2015 as well as theevaluated regional differences in prevalence. All in all, the anonymized data of 70 million statutory health insurants were included in the analysis.
Overall, the proportion of diabetics rose from 8.9 per cent in 2009 to 9.8 per cent in 2015, and is therefore increasing. According to the institute, this development is primarily attributable to an increase in type 2 diabetes from 8.5 percent to 9.5 percent. By contrast, the frequency of type 1 fell slightly from 0.33 percent to 0.28 percent between 2009 and 2015.
According to scientists, the increase in type 2 is probably due to the unfavorable way of liferesponsible for many people. Because this usually develops in old age and is favored by unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, obesity and smoking.
men are more likely to become ill than women
On the one hand, it is noticeable that the incidence of new cases( incidence) is significantly higher in men in almost all age groups than in women, reports the ZI.The differences in terms of regional distribution were even clearer: While the proportion of diabetics in the eastern federal states is 11.8 percent, only 9.2 percent of the population are affected in the West.
At the county level, these differences were particularly clear: So live in the circle Starnberg near Munich, which ranks among the wealthiest nationwide, with 6.5 percent the least diabetics. The structurally weak region of Prignitz in north-western Brandenburg, on the other hand, accounts for more than twice the 14.2 percent share of most patients with diabetes. According to the experts, an above-average number of people also live in Saarland( 10.8 percent) and Berlin( 10.4 percent).The lowest shares were measured in Schleswig-Holstein( 8.3 percent), Baden-Württemberg( 8.53 percent) and Hamburg( 8.54 percent).
policy should consider regional differences
Reasons why more people in the East suffer from diabetes, could be the average lower income and the higher unemployment, said Goffrier in an interview with the news agency "dpa".For a low social status is often associated with a less pronounced health education. Another possible explanation could therefore be certain regional dietary habits.
"Based on predicted demographic trends, we must assume that the burden of diabetes mellitus will continue to increase in the future," said lead author Benjamin Goffrier, the study's lead author. On the recommendation of the Head of the Supply Atlas, Dr. Ing. Jörg Bätzing-Feigenbaum, health policy makers should not neglect the East-West differences: "Developing prevention programs and care structures should take regional differences into account."( Nr)