What is jaundice( jaundice)?
Jaundice, known in medicine as jaundice, is not a disease of its own but a symptom of various diseases, especially the liver, pancreas and gallbladder. The name deriving from the jaundice is the yellowish discoloration, which occurs on the so-called dermis( sclera) of the eyes, as well as on the skin and the mucous membranes .It is caused by an increased concentration of bile pigment bilirubin in the body.
Bilirubin is caused by the breakdown of old red blood cells( erythrocytes) in the spleen: it is a waste product of the red blood pigment hemoglobin. Bilirubin is bound to certain proteins and transported via the bloodstream to the liver. There i
t is further processed and excreted with the bile( bile) through the stool and the kidneys with the urine. Bilirubin also causes yellowing of urine.
physicians distinguish jaundice by place of origin
jaundice occurs, among other things, when the outflow of bile is disturbed .This increases the concentration of bilirubin in the blood and deposits it in the tissue. Above a level of more than two milligrams per deciliter( mg / dl), the deposits are visible first in the eye, at higher levels throughout the skin. The causes of jaundice vary depending on their place of origin. Physicians distinguish between a prehepatic jaundice( causes "before" the liver, usually blood disorders), intrahepatic jaundice( causes directly "in" the liver) and posthepatic jaundice( causes "after" the liver, usually diseases of the biliary tract).Depending on the underlying disease, the treatment of jaundice varies widely.